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Dr. Adam Wojtanek DD


What is a Suncross? Suncross is a cross centered inside a circle or wheel. The word "Cross" is derived from the Sumerian word "Garza", which means Staff or Scepter of the Sun God and the King because Kings were believed to be embodiments of god for the ancients. It is one of the most ancient symbols known to man found in many distant places across the planet. The suncross has a long tradition of use in spiritual healing, meditational Yoga, divination, ancient sciences, as a Mandala or an instrument esp. in a non-dualistic worldview called Suncross Logic or Quadrary Logic. Due to widespread use and history of the cross in every corner of the planet, the cross represents unity in diversity. And that was also the spirit of most ancient religions, which respected many gods, many world views and didn't hold wars over religious issues.

Why do we use the 'suncross' instead a solar cross, Sun wheel, swastika, Celtic cross, Mandala etc? The reasons are because
- the suncross has been used by the author for as long as he can remember
- other names and forms of the cross have become associated with other persons, worldviews, traditions etc.
- some forms and names of the cross have been misused in the past.

So what is the purpose of the suncross? Since ancient times many scholars and spiritual people attempted to find a key to harmony and order in the Universe, and a way to organize that knowledge and wisdom. That's because it's in the nature of the human mind to organize things. Though, there is much chaos in the world, humans try to see an order in everything. That's probably because our ancestors found some order in the Universe; the different parts of the day, different stages in life, different sides of the world etc.. That recognition and search for order has given rise to many sciences that we know today. The earliest centers of learning were much like religious sects, in which different observations and theories were discussed and adopted. Some of the earliest ones studied the movement of the stars in heaven or the hidden forces in nature that give us fire, for example. The primal creative force was often called by different names, and was associated with different things such as the Sun, Fire, the Earth etc. The Suncross was an early instrument for learning used by many circles of learning since prehistoric times.

Below are a few examples of more developed forms of the cross.

On the picture below is a Hindu Shri Yantra, also called Shri Chakra. It''s been described in Hindu scriptures as a pyramid shape city with four gates on each side of the base (bhupura). The four gates at the base of the Shri Chkram are in the form of a cross.

Shri Yantra

Shri Chakra


The picture below, on the left shows a rare cross design from Early Iron Age. The cross was made from bronze and is in a museum in Poland. Many traditional Pre-Christian Slavic and Celtic crosses were found at other archeological sites in Poland.

Ancient mounds made of stone in the form of a cross were found at distant locations on our planet. The one in the picture below, on the right shows one found in Poland; a
similar one is in Tarlton, Ohio, suggesting that there may have been some older source of those distant traditions.

Examples of other type cross designs are on next two pictures below.

Cross. Inowroclaw, Poland. Circa 2200 BC

Burial mound, Grabonog, Poland. Circa 1500-1200 BC


American Indian Medicine Wheel
represents the four directions

Hindu goddess Lalita Tripura Sundari, who's
four hands point at the four directions of the world.


Shiva Lingam with deities on its four sides

Romanesque bowl from a temple in Altenkirchen, island of Rugen

Cross designs were used for many practical purposes since prehistoric times. For example in the construction of settlements, architecture, decorative designs and spirituality. That's because a cross expresses well difficult to visualize ideas such as the
seasons, classical elements, four cardinal directions, and could even be put to work in modern science with the genetic code, four dimensional space, Kardashev scale and many other ideas, theories and dogmas. A cross, in an X design may also represent the movement of the Sun and the Moon across the sky, or the male and female triangles; sometimes symbolized by the Sun and Moon, consecutively. A cross design can also be associated with the Four Hindu Gods. It's also found in the form of the Vedic and Buddhist Homa fire alter, four headed Hindu god Brahma and the four sided Slavic pillar of Svetovid that represents four gods. It's found in modern structures such as the Georgia Guidestones, for example. It is also found in Christianity as the most sacred symbol.

Other well known examples of a cross design are found in construction of ancient pyramids and ancient settlements such as
Atlantis, Troy, Arkaim in Russia, Trelleborg in Denmark or more recently in the design of the Round City of Bhagdad built between 762-768 AD. The design of such sites may have been made for many unknown to us reasons. Perhaps it was for protection from wild animals or to keep farm animals within the settlements; for protection from invaders; for spiritual protection; as a tool for transfer of knowledge and for other reasons. It may have been also used because of the simplicity of design, its functionality or due to old traditions. Whatever it may have been, the design is multi-functional and as old as mankind.

Know thyself
[ An ancient inscription in the forecourt of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, Greece ]

The author and statue of Svetovid

Truth or God is one, but wise men call It or Him/Her by different names.

... and as the spider emits out of itself the threads of its web; and as the female crane conceives without a male; and as the lotus wonders from one pond to another without any means of conveyance; so the intelligent Brahman also may be assumed to create the world by itself without extraneous means ...
Shankara Bhasya, Vedanta Sutra 2.1.25. Translated by George Thibaut and edited by Max Muller, Oxford University Press 1904.

"Will you teach your children what we have taught our children? That the Earth is our mother. What befalls the Earth befalls all the sons of the Earth. This we know: the Earth does not belong to man, man belongs to the Earth. All things are connected like the blood that unites us all. Man did not weave the web of life, he is merely a strand in it. Whatever he does to the web, he does to himself. One thing we know: our god is also your god. The Earth is precious to him and to harm the Earth is to heap contempt on its creator." - American Indian, Chief Seattle's Speech

Energy is neither created nor destroyed, it is simply transferred from one place to another. Albert Einstein


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