What is a suncross? Suncross, also written Sun
cross, is a cross centered inside a circle or wheel. The
English word "cross" was probably derived from
the Old Irish word "cros" or the Old Norse word
"kros". Whichever way it was, the word cross
was preceded by the Sumerian word "garza",
which means staff or scepter of a Sun god or a king. It
was believed that kings embodied god on Earth, in ancient
times. And like a king (or queen) in a kingdom, the Sun
rules over all parts of our solar system, and dictates
the length of the day, the seasons of the year, the
length of the year, the vegetation cycles etc. Hence, the
suncross represents the movement of the Sun across the
sky from the east to the west, and from the north to the
south during the winter and summer seasons on our planet.
Therefore, a cross in a circle is also used as an
astrological symbol for planet Earth - and I don't see
anything odd about that.
The cross in a wheel is one of the most ancient, if not
the most ancient symbols known to man found across our
planet. The suncross also has a long tradition in
spiritual healing, Yoga, divination, ancient sciences,
and for example, in basic designs of Buddhist Mandalas,
Hindu Yantras or American Indian designs, just to name a
few. It was a very important symbol for those that
followed the movement of the Sun across the sky, as well
as for those that followed the movement of the Moon
across the sky. Hence, its universal use could represent
unity in diversity - something there's always been a need
for in the world.
So, why am I using the word suncross instead of a solar
cross, sun wheel, swastika, Celtic cross, cross of Wotan,
a Mandala etc? Some of the reasons are:
1) the suncross, which represents the Sun has been used
by the author for as long as he can remember
2) other names and forms of the cross have become
associated with other subjects, persons, worldviews,
3) some forms and names of the cross have been misused
and misrepresented in some parts of the world the past.
What is the purpose of the cross and where does it come
Since ancient times, scholars attempted to find a key to
harmony and order in the Universe, and a way to organize
the knowledge and wisdom they had in some way so it could
be easily passed on to others. That's because it's in the
nature of the mind to organize things in a rational,
logical and vivid way - even modern scientists try to
find logic and order in the chaos.
Long before the first written language was invented,
symbols such as the Sun cross were used to express
complex ideas. Some of those ideas dealt with the rhythm
of time, the seasons, times in our lives, and the
movement of the celestial bodies across the sky. For
example, it was observed that there are four times of the
day, that there are four stages in life (childhood,
youth, adulthood, old age), four cardinal directions,
four seasons, four types of elements, etc. and they
personalized such knowledge in the form of rituals,
holidays and in images and other forms of expression,
which may be difficult for us to comprehend, today.
It may come as a surprise to some that ancients
predecessors of modern scientists were not as ignorant as
followers of the Darwinian Theory may believe. They just
didn't stumble by accident on same revolutionary
discoveries that lead us to where we are today;
especially in the field of medicine and electronics. But
the ancients also had luck, and discovered other
revolutionary things by accident that we have no
knowledge of, and which have been lost through time,
often due to religious fanaticism.
Among those ancients, were man of great wisdom, who
studied nature, our anatomy and the celestial bodies.
They passed their knowledge on to others through the word
of mouth and through symbols or drawings. That passage of
knowledge from one generation to another continued for
millennia in closed circles and in monasteries. Perhaps
some of their knowledge was not well founded, had gone
astray or we just don't fully understand it, but it still
could hold a treasure-house of new insight and knowledge
for those, who have an open mind and an inner calling for
that type of treasure hunt. Perhaps that's also why
there's been such an interest in wisdom of the east, a
wisdom that was wide spread among ancient Indo-Europeans,
and parts of which survived into our times in Asia.
Ancient learned man functioned in a difficult and hostile
environment, full of ignorance, skeptics and people
mostly interested in building muscles, satisfying their
basic needs, in winning wars, making babies, and
"putting food on the table". Some of those
learned man were fortunate to find a place in their
community by "making a living" as Shaman, Magi
or Medicine Man. Eventually, they were the ones that gave
rise to organized religion, education, social sciences,
management and science such as astronomy, medicine,
chemistry and mathematics.
The earliest centers of learning and schools were much
like religious sects, in which different observations,
experiments and theories were discussed and adopted. Such
centers of learning were not invented by the Greeks. They
were as old as mankind, and followed early man on their
journey from Africa to the Middle East, where according
to archaeologic evidence Homo sapiens met Neanderthals.
From there, those traditions followed man to the Indian
subcontinent or perhaps to the Kumari Kandam continent (it is believed that
Sri Lanka and Madagascar are remaining parts of that lost
continent), which were a remnant after the super
continent Gondwana, before reaching India. Then
from there to Australia, the Himalayan region, the
Caspian and Black Sea area, Europe and other regions.
Finally, it returned to the Indian subcontinent in a new
form with migrations of Aryan tribes due to an Ice Age in northern regions of Eurasia. And spread from the Caspian Sea
region towards Europe, Mongolia and as far as the
Americas. That's the theory I arrived at based on latest
archaeologic discoveries, scientific theories and genetic
studies of migration of man. But nobody can be really
sure if those won't change in some way in the future when
new discoveries are made. So, let's keep an open mind on
The cross had accompanied man on his and her long journey
through time and across the planet. Our ancestors didn't
know writing. So, they didn't leave written records for
us to find; though there have been claims by some
pseudo-scientists such as James
he saw written tablets from the lost continent that he
called 'Mu' (Kumari Kandam), hidden in a Hindu temple.
And that there were Brahmins guarding them, who knew the
language and how to read those tablets.
In Pre-Christian times, learned spiritual people studied
the heavens, movement of the Sun, Moon, stars, and
studied the forces of nature such as fire, static
electricity or the life force, for example. They knew how
to use plants, herbs and minerals in many ways. The
earliest roots of science came from people like that.
They were the earliest prototypes of modern scientists.
For those initiated into a given hermetic system of
logic, organization of data is important. And the
suncross has been used as an instrument for transfer of
defined types of wisdom and knowledge through
concentration, meditation and assimilation - a process
similar to Classical Yoga (dharma, dhyana, samadhi).
Based on the basic cross model, much more sophisticated
and multidimensional designs were developed for storage
of more complex data in the person's neuron network
system. The design of the Shri Yantra is an example of
such a highly developed instrument used for such a
purpose. And it is believed by some scholars that the
Hindu scripture - The Veda; especially the Rig Veda and
Sama Veda discuss the mechanics of neuron network systems
- more on that in Introduction to Sama Veda by S.V.
Ganapati. Even in our times, such designs serve the
common man to identify with a given tradition or culture
group, worldview, religion, and are also used as talisman
or good luck charms, for example.
Whatever the case may be, a cross is a carrier of great
power that has given comfort to many; especially in
difficult times, and which has been imprinted into the
subconscious of mankind through genetic memory imprints
that are passed on from generation to generation. Though
it is very unlikely, I wouldn't even be surprised if the
sciences associated with the Hindu Veda and the cross
design were passed on to us by time travelers because
they are so much in line with modern trends in physics
and science that are just being theorized and/or under
exploration. But that would be another subject, for
But most likely, we are just beginning to rediscover some
of the ancient wisdom and knowledge that have been
forgotten through many, long ages of darkness and
ignorance; esp. after the destruction of the great
Alexandrian libraries; even though there may have also
been some brighter and wiser short times through some
eras. That of course, poses other questions that nobody
is asking yet.. So, I will leave that subject for you to
think about for now. And while you're at it, think of the
potential that a combination of ancient wisdom and
knowledge with modern science could have.
The subject here is an ancient system of organization of
information. And perhaps it's time I should also explain
why it is still important and relevant in our times. It's
not a secret that many of us are literally overwhelmed
every day with tons of tasks and information from many
diverse sources. Our minds are often incapable of
handling such large amounts of data. So, we have to be
selective and concentrate on that which is of interest to
us at the moment. The computers we have created to assist
us in that task have become a source of even more
information and stress. In the end, everything comes down
to the user who has to make some sense out of all that
information and sort it out.
Among all that, we come across so called "conspiracy
theories" that may often sound convincing as they
may try to disclose some secrets that we weren't aware
of, and that may be holding us back from seeing a broader
picture reality. And it may take many years before some
become aware that they've been fooled. It's all about our
consciousness; in other words, our awareness of reality
and our place in it. And that's a serious subject that
many authors have written many works on, because
consciousness shapes our reality, and our world.
A not too dogmatic and not too difficult system of
practice for organization of ideas, thoughts and
information or data is very important to have for
integrity of a healthy mind, as well as holistic health
in our times. Equally important is understanding of our
place in the world and the Universe as not just a part of
nature, but as nature itself.
Trees symbolize nature to many of us in our times. Just
like a tree that is not only a part of nature, but nature
itself, we are parts of nature and nature itself. What
that means is that we are not separate from nature or
better from it. And we are the youngest beings on our
planet and perhaps in our Solar System. We are at the
highest evolutionary level of development compared to
other animals and manifestations of nature and our
planet. Doesn't that sound a bit odd? As you see, there's
so much more to be discovered.
Below are a few examples
of highly developed designs of the cross, which can be
found in India. Illustration #1 shows a Hindu Shri Yantra, known also as Shri Chakra.
It''s been described in Hindu scriptures as a pyramid
shape city (illustration #2) with four gates on each side
of the base (bhupura). The four gates at the base of the
Shri Chkram are in the form of a cross.
Illustration #3 shows a rare bronze cross design
that was found in Poland. Many other traditional
type Pre-Christian Slavic and Celtic
crosses that resemble an early Christian cross in
a circle were also found at other archaeologic
sites in Poland. But cross #3 more clearly then
the conventional ones depicts an ancient
Indoeuropean school of though that I'm familiar,
which is a lot older then the Bible.
One that follows the Vedic tradition or Hinduism
will recognize the image of the god Brahma in the
design of the four sides of the Svetowit/
Swetowit column, discovered in a river in Zbrucza,
in 1848, which I am sure was used not just for
spiritual rites and divination but also to
transfer hermetic knowledge and wisdom. And the
cross in figure #3 is a clever representation of
that ancient spiritual tradition.
Ancient wisdom and scientific knowledge was put
in writing thousands of years ago and collected
in the library of Alexandria in Egypt. But most
of those precious works went up in flames and
were lost. Yet, some have survived in India, and
are accessible in Sanskrit language works and
their translations. However, those works are for
those who are initiated into their secrets, and
they aren't easy to find; especially if one
doesn't know where to look for them, and what to
look for in them.
Ancient mounds made of stone in the form of a
cross were found at distant locations on our
planet. For example, the one on illustration #4
shows such a mound that was discovered in Poland,
and a similar
one from Tarlton, Ohio, for example. There was an
ancient center, a source of those traditions that
migrating nomads brought to Central Europe and
the Americas in prehistoric times. More light on
that subject can be shed through comparative
linguistic, archaeologic and genetic studies.
Examples of other type cross designs can be seen
on illustrations #6, #7 and #8. These are just a
few examples of more elaborate cross designs to
help the reader get a broader understanding of
how the cross has accompanied mankind in various
forms and traditions.
Cross. Inowroclaw, Poland. Circa
Burial mound, Grabonog, Poland.
Circa 1500-1200 BC
A cross, in an X design may also represent the movement
of the Sun and the Moon across the sky, or the male and
female triangles; sometimes symbolized by the Sun and
Moon, consecutively. A cross design can also be
associated with the Four Hindu
Gods. It's also
found in the form of the Vedic and Buddhist Homa fire alter, four headed Hindu
god Brahma and the four sided Slavic pillar
of Svetovid that represents four gods. It's
found in modern structures such as the Georgia
example. It is also found in Christianity as the most
Other well known examples of a cross design are found in
construction of ancient pyramids, temples and settlements
such as The gigantic Bayon Temple in Cambodia near Angkor Wat that was clearly dedicated the
Hindu god Brahma, though it was wrongly associated with
Buddha by the French, Atlantis, Troy, Arkaim in Russia, Trelleborg in Denmark or more recently in
the design of the Round City of
between 762-768 AD. The design of such sites may have
been made for many unknown to us reasons. Perhaps it was
for protection from wild animals or to keep farm animals
within the settlements; for protection from invaders; for
spiritual protection; as a tool for transfer of knowledge
and other practical purposes. It may have been also used
because of the simplicity of design, its functionality or
due to old traditions. Whatever it may have been, the
design is multi-functional and as old as mankind.
[ An ancient
inscription in the forecourt of the Temple of Apollo at
Delphi, Greece ]
Truth or God is one, but wise men
call It or Him/Her by different names.
and as the spider emits out of itself the threads of its
web; and as the female crane conceives without a male;
and as the lotus wonders from one pond to another without
any means of conveyance; so the intelligent Brahman also
may be assumed to create the world by itself without
extraneous means ...
Shankara Bhasya, Vedanta Sutra 2.1.25.
Translated by George Thibaut and edited by Max Muller,
Oxford University Press 1904.
"Will you teach your children what we
have taught our children? That the Earth is our mother.
What befalls the Earth befalls all the sons of the Earth.
This we know: the Earth does not belong to man, man
belongs to the Earth. All things are connected like the
blood that unites us all. Man did not weave the web of
life, he is merely a strand in it. Whatever he does to
the web, he does to himself. One thing we know: our god
is also your god. The Earth is precious to him and to
harm the Earth is to heap contempt on its creator."